Heartleaf Philodendron Care Guide

Charming. Bright. Warm.

The Heartleaf Philodendron, with its charming heart-shaped leaves, offers a visually appealing and emotionally soothing presence in any space. Its reputation for being easy to grow and maintain makes it a delightful choice for plant enthusiasts and beginners alike.

Heartleaf Philodendron Care Guide

Heartleaf Philodendron Overview

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Welcome to LeafWise’s guide on Heartleaf Philodendron care! Heartleaf Philodendron, also known as Philodendron hederaceum or Philodendron scandens, is a popular houseplant known for its beautiful heart-shaped leaves and easy-to-care-for nature. This evergreen tropical plant thrives in various indoor environments, making it a favorite for both beginners and seasoned plant enthusiasts.

In this comprehensive guide, we will cover all the essential aspects of Heartleaf Philodendron care, from its ideal lighting conditions and soil type to watering preferences and common growth issues. Our aim at LeafWise is to provide you with the necessary knowledge to ensure your Heartleaf Philodendron flourishes in your home, creating an attractive and lively indoor space.

So, let’s dive into the world of Heartleaf Philodendron care and help you become an expert in nurturing this beautiful houseplant!

Light Needs

One of the key factors in successful Heartleaf Philodendron care is providing the plant with the right amount of light. Heartleaf Philodendrons are versatile when it comes to their lighting requirements, which is one of the reasons they are such a popular houseplant.

Ideally, Heartleaf Philodendron light requirements include bright, indirect sunlight. Direct sunlight can scorch the plant’s delicate leaves, causing them to turn yellow and wilt. To prevent this, place your Heartleaf Philodendron near a window with filtered light or in a spot that receives dappled sunlight throughout the day. East or North-facing windows are generally suitable for providing the right balance of light.

If you don’t have access to a window with the ideal light conditions, Heartleaf Philodendrons can also tolerate low light levels. However, keep in mind that insufficient light may cause the plant to grow more slowly and have smaller leaves. If you notice your plant becoming leggy with long stems and sparse leaves, it may be a sign that it needs more light. In such cases, consider moving the plant to a brighter spot or supplementing with artificial light, such as a fluorescent or LED grow light, to ensure your Heartleaf Philodendron thrives.

Soil Type

Philodendron hederaceum, or the Heartleaf Philodendron, isn’t overly picky when it comes to soil, but it does have some preferences that will help it grow and thrive. The ideal soil mixture for a Heartleaf Philodendron is well-draining and rich in organic matter. This type of soil provides the plant with the necessary nutrients while also preventing waterlogging, which can lead to root rot.

To create the perfect soil mix for your Heartleaf Philodendron, start with a high-quality, all-purpose potting mix as a base. This will ensure that the soil retains moisture and provides a stable foundation for the plant’s roots. To improve drainage and aeration, you can add perlite or pumice to the potting mix at a ratio of 1:1. These materials help to create pockets of air in the soil, promoting healthy root growth and preventing compaction.

For added nutrients and to support the plant’s overall health, you can also incorporate some peat moss or coconut coir into the soil mixture. Both materials are rich in organic matter and help to retain moisture, making them an excellent addition to the potting mix. Aim for a ratio of 2:1:1, with two parts potting mix, one part perlite or pumice, and one part peat moss or coconut coir.

By providing the right soil conditions for your Heartleaf Philodendron, you’ll encourage strong root development and a healthy, vibrant plant. Don’t forget to periodically check the soil for compaction and replace it if necessary to maintain the ideal environment for your Philodendron hederaceum.

Watering Preferences

When it comes to watering Heartleaf Philodendron, it’s essential to strike a balance between providing enough moisture for the plant to thrive without drowning its roots. A good rule of thumb is to allow the top inch of the soil to dry out between waterings. This ensures that your Philodendron hederaceum gets the water it needs without becoming waterlogged.

To gauge when it’s time to water, simply stick your finger about an inch into the soil. If it feels dry at that depth, it’s time to water. When watering Heartleaf Philodendron, it’s crucial to avoid drenching the soil. Instead, water the plant slowly and evenly, ensuring that the moisture reaches the root system without causing puddles on the surface. This will help to prevent root rot and other issues associated with over-watering.

Knowing when to stop watering is just as important as knowing when to start. To avoid over-watering, make sure to water the plant until you see a small amount of water draining from the bottom of the pot. This is a clear indication that the water has reached the roots and that the soil is saturated.

Keep an eye out for signs of under and over-watering in your Heartleaf Philodendron. If the leaves are yellowing and becoming soft, it could be a sign of over-watering. On the other hand, if the leaves are wilting or turning brown at the edges, your plant may need more water. Adjust your watering schedule accordingly to keep your Philodendron hederaceum healthy and happy.

By paying close attention to the watering needs of your Heartleaf Philodendron and adjusting your watering schedule based on the plant’s needs, you’ll be well on your way to nurturing a lush, vibrant plant. Remember, consistency and observation are key to successful watering.


Heartleaf Philodendrons love a bit of humidity, as their native tropical environment provides them with ample moisture in the air. To keep your Philodendron hederaceum happy, aim to maintain indoor humidity levels between 40% and 60%. This will help prevent leaf curling and ensure that your plant thrives.

To measure the humidity in your room, you can use a simple hygrometer, which is a device that measures the amount of moisture in the air. These instruments are widely available online and in stores, making it easy to monitor the humidity levels in your home.

If you find that the humidity levels are too low for your Philodendron hederaceum, there are several ways to increase the moisture in the air. Some of these methods include:

  1. Grouping plants together: Placing multiple plants close to one another can create a microclimate with higher humidity, as the plants release moisture through a process called transpiration.
  2. Using a humidity tray: Fill a shallow tray with water and pebbles, and place your Heartleaf Philodendron on top of the pebbles. As the water evaporates, it will increase the humidity around your plant.
  3. Misting your plant: Gently misting your Heartleaf Philodendron’s leaves with water can help maintain humidity levels, but be cautious not to overdo it, as too much moisture can cause fungal issues.
  4. Investing in a humidifier: A humidifier can help maintain a consistent humidity level in your home, ensuring that your Philodendron hederaceum and other humidity-loving plants thrive.

By monitoring and controlling the humidity levels in your home, you’ll provide the optimal environment for your Heartleaf Philodendron to grow lush and healthy. Remember, a bit of extra humidity can go a long way in keeping your plant happy.

Ideal Temperature Range

Heartleaf Philodendrons hail from the warm and lush tropical rainforests of Central and South America, where they enjoy consistently warm temperatures throughout the year. Because of their natural habitat, these plants have specific temperature preferences that help them thrive indoors.

Ideally, your Heartleaf Philodendron should be kept in an environment where the temperature remains between 65°F and 80°F (18°C to 27°C) during the day, and not lower than 60°F (16°C) at night. These plants can be sensitive to sudden temperature changes, so it’s important to avoid placing them near drafty windows, air vents, or heaters, which can cause fluctuations in temperature.

To maintain the perfect temperature for your Philodendron hederaceum indoors, keep these tips in mind:

  1. Choose a stable location: Position your plant in a spot where the temperature remains consistent throughout the day and night. Avoid areas with drafts, such as near doors or windows, as well as spots that receive direct heat from heating vents.
  2. Monitor room temperature: Use a thermometer to keep an eye on the temperature in your home, ensuring that it remains within the ideal range for your Heartleaf Philodendron.
  3. Provide insulation: If your plant is near a window, consider using insulating window treatments, such as thermal curtains, to help regulate the temperature and prevent drafts.

By paying attention to your home’s temperature and making small adjustments as needed, you can create the perfect environment for your Heartleaf Philodendron to flourish. Remember, a consistently warm and stable temperature will help your plant feel right at home, even when it’s miles away from the tropical rainforest.


Repotting your Heartleaf Philodendron is an essential part of its care, ensuring it has enough space to grow and maintain its health. Here’s a simple guide to help you know when and how to repot your plant, as well as how to choose the right pot size.

  1. When to repot: It’s generally best to repot your Heartleaf Philodendron every 1 to 2 years, or whenever you notice that the roots are starting to become overcrowded in the current pot. Over time, the plant’s roots may begin to circle around the base of the pot, which is a clear sign that it’s time to repot. Another indication is if you see roots emerging from the drainage holes or the soil dries out very quickly after watering.
  2. How to repot: Choose a day when the soil is slightly moist, but not soaking wet. Carefully remove the plant from its current pot and gently loosen the root ball to free any circling roots. Prepare a new pot that’s 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm) larger in diameter than the current one, and fill it with a well-draining potting mix. Position the plant in the new pot, ensuring that the top of the root ball is level with the top of the soil. Fill in any gaps with more potting mix and water the plant thoroughly to help settle the soil.
  3. Increasing pot size: When choosing a new pot, opt for one that’s 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm) larger in diameter than the current pot. This will give the roots enough space to grow without overcrowding. Avoid choosing a pot that’s significantly larger, as it may hold too much moisture and lead to root rot.

By repotting your Heartleaf Philodendron when needed and choosing the right pot size, you’ll ensure that your plant has the space and environment it needs to continue growing and thriving. Remember, a happy plant is one with room to grow and healthy roots, so don’t hesitate to give your plant a new home when it’s time.


Pruning your Heartleaf Philodendron is a fantastic way to keep it looking its best and encourage healthy growth. It’s a relatively easy task, so don’t worry if you’re new to plant care! Here are some tips on when and how to prune your plant.

  1. When to prune: Pruning can be done at any time of the year, but it’s generally best to do it in the spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing. This is when your Heartleaf Philodendron will recover the quickest. If you notice any dead or yellowing leaves, feel free to remove them as soon as you spot them, regardless of the season.
  2. How to prune: To prune your Heartleaf Philodendron, you’ll need a pair of clean, sharp pruning shears or scissors. Make sure they’re sterilized to prevent the spread of any diseases or pests. Identify the parts of the plant you’d like to prune, such as long, leggy stems, damaged leaves, or any areas that are looking overcrowded. Cut the stems at a 45-degree angle, just above a leaf node (the point where a leaf connects to the stem). This will encourage the plant to produce new growth at that point.
  3. Maintenance pruning: Regular maintenance pruning can help keep your Heartleaf Philodendron looking tidy and encourage bushier growth. Simply remove any leaves or stems that are taking away from the overall appearance of the plant. Be careful not to remove more than 10-20% of the plant’s foliage at a time to avoid causing stress.

Pruning your Heartleaf Philodendron is an easy way to maintain its beauty and health. By removing damaged or unwanted growth and encouraging bushier development, you’ll be rewarded with a stunning and vibrant plant that brings life to your space.


Propagating a Heartleaf Philodendron is an exciting and rewarding way to expand your plant collection or share your love for plants with friends and family. The good news is that propagating this plant is quite simple, even for beginners! Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to propagate your Heartleaf Philodendron using stem cuttings.

  1. Gather your supplies: You’ll need a clean, sharp pair of scissors or pruning shears, a small container with fresh water, and a pot with well-draining soil for planting the cutting once it has developed roots.
  2. Choose a healthy stem: Select a healthy-looking stem on your plant with at least 2-3 leaves. Look for a stem that has a visible leaf node (the point where a leaf connects to the stem).
  3. Make the cut: Using your sterilized scissors or pruning shears, cut the stem just below the leaf node at a 45-degree angle. This will provide a larger surface area for the cutting to take up water and nutrients.
  4. Remove the lower leaves: Gently remove the bottom leaf or two from the cutting, leaving at least one or two leaves on the top.
  5. Place in water: Fill the small container with water and place your cutting in it, making sure the leaf node is submerged. Put the container in a bright spot, but avoid direct sunlight, as it can be too harsh for the cutting at this stage.
  6. Be patient: It can take a few weeks for roots to develop. Check the water regularly and change it every few days to keep it fresh and clean. Once you see roots that are about 1-2 inches long, your cutting is ready to be planted in soil.
  7. Plant the cutting: Fill a pot with well-draining soil and make a small hole in the center. Carefully place your cutting into the hole, making sure the roots are covered with soil. Gently firm the soil around the cutting to secure it in place.
  8. Water and care: Water the newly potted cutting and place it in a bright spot with indirect light. Keep the soil moist but not overly wet. In a few weeks, your cutting should establish itself in the new pot and begin to grow!

Propagating your Heartleaf Philodendron is an enjoyable way to create new plants and share your passion for indoor gardening. With patience and care, you’ll soon have a thriving new plant to enjoy or gift to a loved one.

Common Pests

Like any other plant, the Heartleaf Philodendron can sometimes attract pests. However, don’t worry! With a bit of attention and care, you can keep these uninvited guests at bay. Here are some common pests that may affect your Philodendron hederaceum, along with tips on how to identify and naturally deal with them:

  1. Spider mites: These tiny pests are difficult to spot with the naked eye, but you may notice fine webbing on your plant’s leaves or a dusty appearance. To treat and prevent spider mites, you can spray your plant with a mixture of water and a few drops of mild liquid soap. Make sure to cover the entire plant, paying special attention to the undersides of the leaves. Repeat this process every few days until the spider mites are gone.
  2. Mealybugs: These small, white, cottony insects love to hide in the nooks and crannies of your plant. They can cause your plant’s leaves to turn yellow and drop off. To remove mealybugs, dip a cotton swab in rubbing alcohol and gently dab the affected areas. Repeat this process as needed until the pests are gone. As a preventive measure, regularly inspect your plant and maintain a consistent watering and care routine.
  3. Aphids: Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that can be green, yellow, or black. They often cluster on new growth and can cause leaves to curl or become distorted. A strong blast of water from a spray bottle can dislodge them from your plant. Alternatively, you can introduce ladybugs, which are natural predators of aphids, to help control their population.
  4. Scale insects: These pests appear as small, brown, or gray bumps on your plant’s stems and leaves. They can cause leaves to turn yellow and fall off. To remove scale insects, use a soft brush or cloth soaked in a mixture of water and mild liquid soap. Gently rub the affected areas to dislodge the pests. Repeat as necessary until the infestation is under control.

By keeping a close eye on your Heartleaf Philodendron and addressing any pest issues early on, you can ensure that your plant stays healthy and pest-free. Remember, prevention is always better than cure, so maintaining a consistent care routine and regularly inspecting your plant is key to keeping these common pests at bay.

Common Growth Issues

Even though the Heartleaf Philodendron is a relatively easy plant to care for, it can still experience a few growth issues. Here’s a list of common problems you might encounter and how to address them:

  • Yellow leaves: Overwatering can cause your plant’s leaves to turn yellow. To fix this, reduce the frequency of watering and make sure your plant is in a well-draining soil mix. It’s essential to let the top inch of soil dry out before watering again.
  • Brown leaf tips: Low humidity or underwatering can result in brown leaf tips. To remedy this, ensure your plant is receiving enough water and increase the humidity around it by placing it on a tray of water with pebbles, using a humidifier, or misting the leaves regularly.
  • Leggy growth: Insufficient light can cause your Heartleaf Philodendron to become leggy, with long stems and sparse foliage. To fix this, move your plant to a location with more indirect light, but avoid placing it in direct sunlight as it can scorch the leaves.
  • Pale leaves: Too much direct sunlight can cause the leaves to become pale or develop sunburn spots. Move your plant to a location with bright, indirect light to prevent further damage.
  • Slow growth: If your Heartleaf Philodendron is growing slowly, it may not be receiving enough nutrients. To encourage growth, feed your plant with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4-6 weeks during the growing season.

By addressing these common growth issues and maintaining a consistent care routine, you can keep your Heartleaf Philodendron happy, healthy, and looking its best.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, heartleaf philodendrons (Philodendron hederaceum) are generally easy to care for, making them an excellent choice for both novice and experienced plant owners. They are highly adaptable and can tolerate a range of lighting conditions, from low to bright, indirect light. They are also forgiving when it comes to watering, preferring to dry out slightly between waterings. Their low-maintenance nature and resilience to varying care conditions make them a popular choice for indoor plant enthusiasts.

The heartleaf philodendron is a versatile plant that can be both a climbing and a hanging plant. In its natural habitat, it tends to climb trees and other structures. When grown indoors, it can be trained to climb a moss pole, trellis, or other support. Alternatively, it can also be grown as a hanging plant, where its trailing vines can create a beautiful cascading effect. The choice between climbing and hanging often depends on the grower’s preference and available space.


Our Heartleaf Philodendron Care Guide has covered all the essential aspects to help you provide the best care for this beautiful, easy-to-grow plant. By following the tips and advice offered here, you’ll be well on your way to nurturing a thriving Heartleaf Philodendron that adds a touch of natural beauty to your home. Remember, LeafWise is here to support you every step of the way as you embark on your plant parenting journey.

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